Integrated Pest Management

Potential effects of La Niña for Sep'16 - Mar '17

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) released a report named "La Niña: Early warning – early action analysis for a potential La Niña in 2016 – 2017" from which we present the table above. For Central America, it is expected to have above average rainfall and increase hurricane activity between Sep '16 thru Mar '17. According to the report La Niña may present potential benefits for cereal crops being planted in the region. However, some negative effects such as heavy and excessive rains during the bean harvest may cause seed quality damage.

Soil Ecosystem Services

For this week, we are sharing an infographic created by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) on soil ecosystem services. The soil is a very important factor in agriculture production and moreover, it provides many ecosystem services that enable life on earth. For this reason, it is important to act upon soil conservation for such services, for example: provision of food, fibre and fuel, climate regulation, flood mitigation, nutrient recycling and others. Danaus Consultants can provide more information on the importance and means of soil conservation.

Goal 4: Quality Education

The Goal 4 is to Ensure inclusive and quality education for all and promote lifelong learning, this is what UN development goals said as facts: 

  • Enrolment in primary education in developing countries has reached 91 per cent but 57 million children remain out of school
  • More than half of children that have not enrolled in school live in sub-Saharan Africa
  • An estimated 50 per cent of out-of-school children of primary school age live in conflict-affected areas
  • 103 million youth worldwide lack basic literacy skills, and more than 60 per cent of them are women

Danaus Consultants envisions that education is one of the most powerfull tool for poverty erradication and empowerment of global citizens. Therefore, one of our objectives as a company is to deliver accesible quality courses, workshops and trainings for agricultural stakeholders in Belize. 

Goal 3: Health and well-being

The goal 3 is: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages. Some of the facts from UN development goals webpage are: 

Child health

  • 17,000 fewer children die each day than in 1990, but more than six million children still die before their fifth birthday each year
  • Since 2000, measles vaccines have averted nearly 15.6 million deaths
  • Despite determined global progress, an increasing proportion of child deaths are in sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia. Four out of every five deaths of children under age five occur in these regions.
  • Children born into poverty are almost twice as likely to die before the age of five as those from wealthier families.
  • Children of educated mothers—even mothers with only primary schooling—are more likely to survive than children of mothers with no education.

Maternal health

  • Maternal mortality has fallen by almost 50 per cent since 1990
  • In Eastern Asia, Northern Africa and Southern Asia, maternal mortality has declined by around two-thirds
  • But maternal mortality ratio – the proportion of mothers that do not survive childbirth compared to those who do –   in developing regions is still 14 times higher than in the developed regions
  • More women are receiving antenatal care. In developing regions, antenatal care increased from 65 per cent in 1990 to 83 per cent in 2012
  • Only half of women in developing regions receive the recommended amount of health care they need
  • Fewer teens are having children in most developing regions, but progress has slowed. The large increase in contraceptive use in the 1990s was not matched in the 2000s
  • The need for family planning is slowly being met for more women, but demand is increasing at a rapid pace

HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

  • At the end of 2014, there were 13.6 million people accessing antiretroviral therapy
  • New HIV infections in 2013 were estimated at 2.1 million, which was 38 per cent lower than in 2001
  • At the end of 2013, there were an estimated 35 million people living with HIV
  • At the end of 2013, 240 000 children were newly infected with HIV
  • New HIV infections among children have declined by 58 per cent since 2001
  • Globally, adolescent girls and young women face gender-based inequalities, exclusion, discrimination and violence, which put them at increased risk of acquiring HIV
  • HIV is the leading cause of death for women of reproductive age worldwide
  • TB-related deaths in people living with HIV have fallen by 36% since 2004
  • There were 250 000 new HIV infections among adolescents in 2013, two thirds of which were among adolescent girls
  • AIDS is now the leading cause of death among adolescents (aged 10–19) in Africa and the second most common cause of death among adolescents globally
  • In many settings, adolescent girls’ right to privacy and bodily autonomy is not respected, as many report that their first sexual experience was forced
  • As of 2013, 2.1 million adolescents were living with HIV
  • Over 6.2 million malaria deaths have been averted between 2000 and 2015, primarily of children under five years of age in sub-Saharan Africa. The global malaria incidence rate has fallen by an estimated 37 per cent and the mortality rates by 58 per cent
  • Between 2000 and 2013, tuberculosis prevention, diagnosis and treatment interventions saved an estimated 37 million lives. The tuberculosis mortality rate fell by 45 per cent and the prevalence rate by 41 per cent between 1990 and 2013

Danaus Consultants' task in this goal, relates completely with the quality of food produced and accesibility to children and families. Our contribution in the production of a healthy meal is a priority to ensure nutrition and healthy lifes.  

Goal 2: Zero Hunger

The goal 2 is to end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture. Extracted from UN webpage on the development goals, here are some facts about it:


  • Globally, one in nine people in the world today (795 million) are undernourished
  • The vast majority of the world’s hungry people live in developing countries, where 12.9 per cent of the population is undernourished.
  • Asia is the continent with the most hungry people – two thirds of the total. The percentage in southern Asia has fallen in recent years but in western Asia it has increased slightly.
  • Southern Asia faces the greatest hunger burden, with about 281 million undernourished people. In sub-Saharan Africa, projections for the 2014-2016 period indicate a rate of undernourishment of almost 23 per cent.
  • Poor nutrition causes nearly half (45 per cent) of deaths in children under five – 3.1 million children each year.
  • One in four of the world’s children suffer stunted growth. In developing countries the proportion can rise to one in three.
  • 66 million primary school-age children attend classes hungry across the developing world, with 23 million in Africa alone.

Food security

  • Agriculture is the single largest employer in the world, providing livelihoods for 40 per cent of today’s global population. It is the largest source of income and jobs for poor rural households.
  • 500 million small farms worldwide, most still rainfed, provide up to 80 per cent of food consumed in a large part of the developing world. Investing in smallholder women and men is an important way to increase food security and nutrition for the poorest, as well as food production for local and global markets.
  • Since the 1900s, some 75 per cent of crop diversity has been lost from farmers’ fields. Better use of agricultural biodiversity can contribute to more nutritious diets, enhanced livelihoods for farming communities and more resilient and sustainable farming systems.
  • If women farmers had the same access to resources as men, the number of hungry in the world could be reduced by up to 150 million.
  • 1.4 billion people have no access to electricity worldwide – most of whom live in rural areas of the developing world. Energy poverty in many regions is a fundamental barrier to reducing hunger and ensuring that the world can produce enough food to meet future demand.

To provide techinical assistance and expertise in crop production towards food security in Belize is Danaus Consultants' mission!   


Goal 1: No poverty

Quoting the UN webpage on the sustainable development goals, here are some facts about poverty: 

  • 836 million people still live in extreme poverty
  • About one in five persons in developing regions lives on less than $1.25 per day
  • The overwhelming majority of people living on less than $1.25 a day belong to two regions: Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa
  • High poverty rates are often found in small, fragile and conflict-affected countries
  • One in four children under age five in the world has inadequate height for his or her age
  • Every day in 2014, 42,000 people had to abandon their homes to seek protection due to conflic

Hopefully these facts make you a supporter of the Goal 1! For Danaus Consultants, this is part of our mission!

A do List to be a part of Sustainable Development

Keeping with our last week mindset and our importance in changing the world, the UN delivers this comic designed by Margreet De Heer. The main idea of it is that we do not need to be in the goverment to make a difference, we can start by talking, thinking, dreaming, writing, making art and acting for our planet and future.  

We are doing our part, and we are trying hard to make a difference! What are you doing today? 

Sustainable Development Goals

For this week we choose to share 17 Goals to transform the World. These goals developed by United Nations (UN) and launched at the beginning of 2016, are the driven agenda for sustainable development for the next fifteen years. Belize has joined the movement and Danaus Consultants too. We are committed to help fulfill them through our daily activities.   

How can farmers mitigate and adapt to climate change?